Felix Franks on Critical-to-Quality Process Parameters for Lyophilization

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The inventor of the stabilization process used to formulate Exubera has found that mentioning the glassy state has often produced a similar effect in his pharma listeners. Due to lack of interdisciplinary understanding, he says, freeze drying is still “hit or miss” at many pharmaceutical companies. In Chapter 3 of his best-selling book, he outlines product and process parameters.

Click below to access this chapter. (Reprinted with permission of the Royal Society of Chemistry)